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Vol. 56, No. I

OCTOBER 3, 1889 Surface Grinding Machine or Grinding Planer. On this page we give an illustration of a machine built by the Springfield Glue & Emery Wheel Co., Springfield, Mass., for grinding plane surfaces of castings which are to be trued up or finished, and yet which it is not practicable to plane, for grinding the surfaces of hardened punching or other dies, or for finishing surfaces which have been planed As will be perceived, the machine is essentially the same as a planer, having the same motion of the platen imparted to it through the medium of gears and shifting belts arranged in the usual manner. The points of difference consist in the provision for sup- plying a a copious How of water to the wheel, and for collecting this water in troughs cast at the side of the bed under the platen, from which it is led through pipes to a tank on the Boor. The water is allowed time to settle in this tank, the sediment going to the bottom, while the clear water overflows at the top and goes into the smaller tank, from which it is drawn out and again forced up to the wheel by .a centrifugal pump also placed upon the Boor. Each end of the platen is extended beyond what is usual in planing machines, in order to keep the ways covered as much as possible. The work to be,...operated upon is fastened to the platen in the usual way, as shown, or any necessary special fixtures may be used. To keep the belts at a proper tension at different heights of the wheel from the platen, the overhead arrangement shown in the engraving above the machine is used, the belt passing over the pulleys in such a way that a turn of the hand-wheel, which is placed within easy reach, gives the belt the desired tension. A folding hood, which is adjustable to suit different sizes of wheels, covers the wheel in such a manner as to prevent water Hying about and the water, while it keeps the wheel and work cool, and gives a better finish than would be obtained by dry grinding, also prevents dust Hying about and lodging upon parts of this or other near- by machinery. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ covers the wheel in such a manner as to prevent water flying about ; and the water, while it keeps the wheel and work cool, and gives a better finish than would be ob tained by dry grinding, also prevents dust flying about and lodging upon parts of this or other near- by machinery. The grinding wheel grinds in both directions, and, when de- sired, a machine is made in which the wheel is made to move rapidly from side to side on the cross-rail as the work passes under it. This movement is governed by a crank and disk, and is especially recommended for narrow work where but a small amount of stock is to be removed, and there are a number of pieces to grind at the same time. The machines are made , in six different lengths, to ` grind work from 4 feet to 18 feet long. The platens are 24 inches wide, and work 27 inches wid~ will pass between the housings. The extreme height of the work from the platen .may be 14 inches to 18 inch- es, according to the size wheel used. The weight of the machine is from 6,000 to 16,000 pounds, according to length. 1 thought that the crane had been in use so 'When desired, an additional head is titted to long as to be entitled to a rest, and, as none the cross-rail for planing work, this head was voluntarily granted, it took one. At any being made in the usual form, and with rate, the incident is not calculated to be very automatic feeds in any direction. reassuring to those whose business requires &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& them to be aro,und such cranes. The day An AMERICAN MACHINIST man happened before this occurrence an accident happened to be in the Boston & Albany shops at a few yards away from the shops, which, so Springfield, Mass., the other day, when an far as we know, is the first of its kind. Some occurrence took place which is, to say the heavy stone work is being erected for an ap- least, somewhat unusual. In the erecting proach to the new station . buildings. Tem- shops was a jib crane, constructed principal- porary derricks have been put up to handle ly of wood and worked by hand, which had the stones, and on this occasion a stone been in constant use for all the purposes to ~ weighing two tons, which had been hoisted, which such a crane is usually put in a rail- became unmanageable just as a passenger road shop. At the time it did not happen to train was going by, and crashed through the be in use, and no load was upon it, nor was side of a car, seriously injuring several ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The wheel grinds in both any one near it, when, without warning, and apparently without provocation, it suddenly fell 'to the Boor, tilling the shop with the dust which had collected upon it overhead and that which it stirred up from the Boor. Fortunately, no one was in a position to be struck by it, and when it was examined with a view to a possible solution of the mystery, it was found that the upper pintle had bro- ken short off. It was of cast-iron, about two and a half or three inches in diameter, and the break was what would be called a clean one, all the way across. Why it had not fallen when last used is a mystery which it would be difficult to solve. Some of the machinists who gathered about after the fall, people. Both these incidents emphasize the fact that all such machinery used for handling heavy weights should be as secure as possible. There can be no doubt that there is far too much carelessness usually connected with its erection, and it is far too common to take it for" granted that, when once built and proven to be sufficiently strong for its work, it will always remain safe without any further attention. ######################################### Foreign Enginering Enterprise in Russia. The anti-foreigner policy, at present prevailing in Russia, has almost completely put ` .
pg 14

Buying-A M E R I C A N M A C H I N I S T-Section Vol. 56, No. 1
Cut Production Costs-With Modern Equipment.

to do those things necessary to bring conditions back to normal. We've faced business stag- nation long
enough now to know what it means; so /et's go- let's get started on the right track again. This business de-
pression will last just as long as the people of this co\untry sit back and wait for something to
happen-we've got to make things happen.
We can accomplish nothing by waiting for the other fellow to start something-the chances are he is sitting
back waiting for us. We've simply got to realize that it is up to everyone to do his share, and there never
was a better time than right now to start the "ball a'rolling."
Then there is another and probably a much more threaten- ing angle to the situation. The period of
prosperity just passed has witnessed a tremendous over-expansion in practically every industry, not only
in this country, but throughout the entire civilized world. `As a consequence, today, and likely for many
years to come, the facilities for production will be greater than the powers of absorption-which means the
keenest kind of competition and the weeding out of the less stable and less progressive concerns in
each industry. Business houses today are fighting for their very existence, and those who survive will be
the ones that start now to reduce their costs and better their methods, in order to meet the keenest
competition on a fair basis. ~
How should we begin? Where should we start?

If every manufacturer in the metal working industry would start by putting his own house in order, by
replacing his old worn'-out tools with new and better machines, by weeding out bis obsolete equipment,
and installing more modern, more prohtable equipment in its place, the first thing you know, we would
have better business, things would begin to move again, and industry once more would "hit the trail" of
progress. We, The American Tool Works Company, have already started. Since Jan. 1921, we have weeded
out of our own plant, eighty-three machines of different kinds, and are now replacing them with the latest
and most modern tools. By this we have provided business for the foundries, orders for the steel mills,
and work for a number of men-in other words, we have "gone into action" in our own plant.
If you will do the same in yours, the other fellow the same in his, and so on, ad infinitum, this country
would soon forget that there was a business depression, a readjustment period or a deflation spasm. It is
up to every one of us to put our shoulder to the wheel, so let's go-a slang expression -yes-but chuck full
of meaning and good advice.

The American Tool Works Co.
Cincinatti, Ohio, U. S. A.

This is the 6rst of a series of cost reducing advertisements. The president of every metal
plant in t country should hz.mselF read each and every one oF th advertisements, and then refer them to
hz.s manager c superintendent.
page 127

Buying-A M E R I C A N M A C H I N I S T-Section Vol. 56, No. 1
Cut Production Costs-With Modern Equipment.

Facing and Turning Main Line Bearings
of the Franklin Automobile Crankshaft
Frorn a Report by Walter M. Sanford, Forernan oF Crankshaft Dept., H. H. Franklin Mtg. Co., Syracuse, N. Y.

To save time, money, and cut out the operation of expensive grinders was the reason that five Wickes Universal
Crankshaft Lathes were recently installed in the Crankshaft Department of the H. H. Franklin Manufacturing Company, at
Syracuse, New York.
These machines are used for the facing and turning operations on main line bearings of the Franklin Automobile
Crankshaft. The photograph shows the turning of six-throw crankshafts, made of carbon steel, from which ~ in. of stock
is removed. The average length of cut is about 2 in.

In comparison to the former methods employed on this par- ticular job, the Wickes Crankshaft Equipment saves about
1~ hours work on each shaft in producing the complete prod- uct. At present this houxly production is ten crankshafts,
with one operator on the machine.
"The Wickes Crankshaft Equipment has lived up to our ex- pectations in every detail. It gives us a good saving in time,
floorspace, and power. We consider it an excellent investment in production machinery."
This last paragraph is the opinion which Mr. Sanford holds of Wickes Crankshaft Equipment.

220 Water Street, Saginaw, Mich.
801 Fifth Ave., New York 736 White- Henry Bldg., Seattle, Wash.
4. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1

January 5, 1922` Cut Production Costs-With Modern Equipment
198 Should Be Included
In Your 1922 Resolutions
A good resolution, for instance, to make is to do more of your short planing jobs this year on a Hendey Crank Shaper.
This will save time and keep production costs down to the lowest notch.
You know where Hendey stands in the machine tool line and you can consequently have absolute confideuce in the
accuracy and reliability of a Hendey Shaper. Get our "Shaper Bulletin."
Torrington, COnn.f U. S. A.
New York Office: 736 Singer Bldg. Chicago Office: 618 Washington Bldg.
Rochester Office: 521 Commerce Bldg. Boston Office: Oliver Bldg.
The Sherritt & Stoer Co., Philadelph~a; Laughlin-Barney Machinery Co., Pittsburgh; The W. M. Patti~on Supp~y Co.,
Cleveland and Detroit ; Walraven Company. Atlanta : Woodward-Wight & Co., Ne~ w Orleans; L. G. Henes, 75 Fremont
St., San Francisco and 218 East 3rd St., Los Angeles, Cal.; Chas. Churchill & Co., Ltd., London; De- moors & Co.,
Brussels; A. R. Williams Machinery Co., Toronto, Ont.; Williams & Wilson, Montreal. Que.; W. R. Grace & Co. of N. Y. for
China; Asano, Bassan & Co.. Tokio, JaPan.

Hendey 20-fn Crank Shaper
8. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
2. American-Machinist-January-5-1922-pg14-15 American Tool Works Co
                            Lathes Planers Shapers Radials.
5. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 193 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
52                    Buying-A M E R I c A N  M A c H I N I s T-Section           ~  56, ~o. 1

                  We  Have  Cut Many  Gears  Like This!

Let  us  demonstrate  that  your  large  gears
                                                      can be cut to run as smoothly as small gears

                                    GLEASON WORKS, ROCHSTER, N.Y,
6. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
7. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
          AMERICAN MACHINIST   Oct 5  1889
                               Planer Grinding Machine
AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No
1 starting pg 34
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52                    Buying-A M E R I c A N  M A c H I N I s T-Section           ~  56, ~o. 1

                  We  Have  Cut Many  Gears  Like This!

Let  us  demonstrate  that  your  large  gears
                                                    can be cut to run as smoothly as small gears

                                  GLEASON WORKS, ROCHSTER, N.Y,
52                    Buying-A M E R I c A N  M A c H I N I s T-Section           ~  56, ~o. 1

                  We  Have  Cut Many  Gears  Like This!

Let  us  demonstrate  that  your  large  gears
                                                  can be cut to run as smoothly as small gears

                                GLEASON WORKS, ROCHSTER, N.Y,
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