Date your Machine using the
newest patent number.
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Gears can date machine tools. This gear was manufactured or made using early
manufacturing methods. teeth show being planed not cut or milled or hobbed
also the key way is chipped and filed not cut with a broch. The gear was known to
be made during the 1890s.
How it was manufactured...
How the Gears are made can date a machine
Cold headed screws and bolts are used by ca. 1917 WWI.
Chipping with a cold chisels.
I have a Barns ca. 1880
lathe that shows this on the
leg casting to make room
for a serial no. and to
smooth the top of the leg
castings to fit to the bed.
Various Manufacturing methods can help you date a machine by the
procewss that it was machined and how it was made.
The style of lathe beds. American and
English forms from the 1800s to the
1900s can be a clue to its style and
peroid of manufacture.
Brown & Sharpe Manufacturing Co.of Providence, R.I. manufacturer of Fine Machinery, Tools of Precision; The Gordon & Maxwell Co. of Hamilton, Ohio manufacturer of Steam Driven Pumps and Water
Works Machinery; The Yale & Towne Mfg. Co. of Stamford, Conn. manufacturer of Steam Driven Self-Propelled or Locomotive Cranes; Lodge, Davis & Co. of Cincinnati, Ohio manufacturer of Engine
Lathes, Shapers & Drills; Gould & Eberhardt of Newark, New Jersey manufacturer of Shapers, Gear Cutters and other Special Machinery; E.E. Garvin & Co. of New York, NY. manufacturer of Machinists'
Tools, Including Milling Machines, Hand Lathes, Drill Presses, ect.; The Pratt & Whitney Co. of Hartford Connecticut manufacturer of Precision Machinist Tools and Special Machinery; The Billings &
Spencer Co. of Hartford, CT. manufacturer of Lathe Dogs & other Drop Forgings; Warner & Swasey Machine Tools of Cleveland, Ohio manufacturer of Engine, Spinning Lathes and other Special Machinery;
Pond Machine Tool Co.(Successors to David W. Pond) of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Radial Drills, Planers, ect.; Geo. W. Fifield of Lowell, Mass. manufacturer of Engine Lathes;
Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn.; Geo. B. Grant of Boston, Mass. maker of Gear Wheels and Gear Cutting; W.P. Davis of Bloomfield, NY. manufacturer of Key Seating
Machines & Drills; The G. A. Gray Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer of 17" & 20" Lathes; Pratt & Letchworth Proprietors of Buffalo Steel Foundry of Buffalo, N.Y. offering Steel Castings; Stiles & Parker Press
Co. of Middletown, Conn. manufacturer of Punching Presses, Dies, Drop Hammers, Drop Forgings and other Tools for the Manufacture of all kinds of Sheet Metal Goods; J.M. Carpenter of Pawtucket, R.I.
manufacturer of Taps & Dies; WM Sellers & Co., Inc. of Philadelphia, PA. manufacturer of High Speed Power Traveling Cranes; The Long & Allstatter Co. of Hamilton, Ohio manufacturer of Double, Single,
Angle-bar, Gang, Horizontal, Twin, Boiler, Spacing, Gate, Multiple, Belt and Steam-Driven Punches & Shears also Power Cushioned Hammers; Russell & Co. of Massillon, Ohio builders of Automatic
Engines, Boilers, ect.(Complete Power Plants Furnished); J.E. Lonergan & Co. of Philadelphia, PA. manufacturer of Patent Oilers; R.A. Beldon Co. of Danbury, Conn. manufacturer of Power Hammers; Castle
Engine Works of Indianapolis, Ind. manufacturer of The Castle Steam Engine; The Muller Machine Tool Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer of 17" Engine Lathes; H. Bickford of Lake Village, N.H.
manufacturer of Boring & Turning Mills; L.S. Starrett of Athol, Mass. manufacturer of Fine Machinist Tools; Osgood Dredge Co. of Albany, New York manufacturer of Dredges, Excavators, Ditching Machines,
Derricks, ect.; The Newark Machine Tool Works of Newark, N.J. manufacturer of Planners, Lathes, Slotters, Boring Machines, Presses, ect.; Bement, Miles & Co. of Philadelphia, PA. builders of Metal-Working
Machine Tools for Railroad Shops, Locomotive & Car Builders, Machine Shops, Rolling Mills, Steam Forges, Ship Yards, Boiler Shops, Bridge Works, ect.; Detrick & Harvey Manufacturers of Baltimore, Md.
manufacturer of Corliss Engines; Chester Steel Castings Co. of Chester, PA.; The Phosphor Bronze Smelting Co., Limited of Philadelphia, Pa. Original Manufacturers of Phosphor Bronze & Owners of the
U.S. Patent; Tallman & McFadden of Philadelphia, Pa. manufacturer of Milling Machines, Planners, Drills, ect.; The John T. Noye Mfg. Co. of Buffalo, N.Y. manufacturer of Rice Automatic Cut-Off Engines
(Gold Medal Winner Cincinnati Exposition, 1884); Shipman Engine Co. of Boston, Mass. manufacturer of Oil Engines for Printers, Steam Yachts, pumping water, sawing wood, ect; The Skinner Engine Co.
of Erie, PA. manufacturer of Portable & Stationary Engines & Boilers; Korting Gas Engine Co., LD. of New York, N.Y. manufacturer of Korting Gas Engines; William Tod & Co. of Youngstown, Ohio
manufacturer of Porter-Hamilton Engines; S.L. Holt & Co. of Boston, Mass offering Portable & Stationary Steam Engines & Boilers, Steam Power Drainage Pumps, Saw Mills, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers and
Belting; Kensington Engine Works, Limited of Philadelphia< Pa. manufacturer of the Tangye Buckeye Automatic Cut-Off Engines; Albany Steam Trap Co. of Albany, NY manufacturer of Blessing's Water
Circulator & Purifier; Frick Company Builders of Waynesboro, Pa. manufacturer of Eclipse Corliss Engines; The "Otto" gas Engine Works - Schleicher, Schumm & Co. of Philadelphia, PA. & Chicago, Ill.
manufacturer of Otto Gas Engines; The Armstrong Mfg. Co. of Bridgeport, Conn manufacturer of Water, Gas & Steam Fitters' Tools; James Brandon Co. of New York, N.Y. manufacturer of Brandon's Piston
Ring Packing; E.P. Bullard of New York, NY manufacturer of Machine Tools; The Watts, Campbell Co. of Newark, NJ manufacturer of Improved Corliss Steam Engines; The Hewes & Phillips Iron Works of
Newark, N.J. manufacturer of Improved Corliss Engines, Tubular Boilers; The Fishkill Landing Machine Co. of New York, New York manufacturer of The Improved Fishkill Corliss Engines; Robert Whitehill of
Newburgh, NY manufacturer of the Improved Corliss Engine, Slide Valve Engines, Stationary Boilers, General Machinery and Brass & Iron Castings; Stearns M'F'G. Company of Erie, Pa. manufacturer of
Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills and General Machinery; John McLaren of Hoboken, N.J. builder of Corliss Engines, Air Compressors and Boilers; Hill, Clarke & Co. of Boston, Mass. sellers of Iron-Working
Machinery; Adams & Richards Machine Co. of New Brunswick, N.J. manufacturer of Fuel, Crude Petroleum or Kerosene Engines; The Babcock & Wilcox Co. of New York, NY manufacturer of Water-Tube
Boilers; Bridgeport Boiler Works of Bridgeport, Conn. manufacturer of The Lowe Boiler; WM T. Bate & Son of Conshohocken, Penn. sole manufacturer of the Bate Steam Generator; The Wainwright M'F'G.
Company of Boston, Mass. manufacturer of Corrugated Tube Exhaust Feed-Water Heaters; Fossil Meal Co. of New York manufacturer of Meal Composition Non-Conducting Covering for Steam Pipe &
Boilers; Gesswein Machine Co. of New York manufacturer of Positive Pressure or Blast Blowers; Palmer, Cunningham & Co., L'd. of Philadelphia, Penn. manufacturer of Tools for Mechanics including
Chucks, Drills, Reamers, Screw-Plates, Railroad Supplies, ect.; Evansville Spar Mining Co. of Evansville, Ind. Producers of Flour Spar Foundry Flux; Universal Radial Drill Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer
of Radial Drilling Machines; Hilles & Jones of Wilmington, Del. manufacturer of Horizontal Flange Punches; Jenkins Bros. of New York manufacturer of The Original Unvulcanized Packing; Westcott Chuck
Co. of Oneida, N.Y. manufacturer of Lathe & Drill Chucks; Pond Engineering Co. of St. Louis, MO. manufacturer of Steam Boilers; The E. Horton & Son Co. of Windsor Locks, Conn. manufacturer of the
Horton Lathe Chuck; Watson & Stillman of New York manufacturer of Hydrostatic Machinery, Presses, Pumps, Punches, Accumulators, Jacks, Valves, Fittings, Vault Elevators, ect.; Hoggson & Pettis M'F'G.
Co. of New Haven, CT. manufacturer of The Sweetland Chuck; T.R. Almond of Brooklyn, N.Y. manufacturer of the Almond Drill Chuck; Worcester Machine Screw Co. of Worcestor, Mass. manufacturer of
Set, Cap & Machine Screws, Studs, ect.; The Cushman Chuck Co. of Hartford, Conn. manufacturer of "Cushman" Chucks; Coffin & Leighton of Syracuse, N.Y. manufacturer of Machinists' Scales; Sterling
Emery Wheel Co. of West Sterling, Mass. manufacturer of the Sterling Patent Emery Wheel; Standard Tool Co. of Athol, Mass. manufacturer of Fine Machinists' Tools; Buffalo Forge Co. of Buffalo, N.Y.
manufacturer of Buffalo Cupola & Forge Blowers; I.P. Richards of Providence, R.I. manufacturer of Punches and Dies; The National Pipe Bending Co. of New Haven, Conn. offering Coils & Bends of Iron,
Brass and Copper; John S. leng of New York manufacturer of Weldless Cold Drawn Steel Tubes & Quick Opening Gate Valves; Pedrick & Ayer of Philadephia, Pa. manufacturer of Cylinder Boring & Facing
Machines; Morse Twist Drill and Machine Company of New Bedford, Mass. manufacturer of Solid & Shell Reamers, Beach's Patent Self-Centering Chuck, Bit Stock Drills, Drill Grinding Machines, Mill Cutters
and Special Tools; Simonds Rolling-Machine Co. of Fitchburg, Mass. manufacturer of Steel Balls for Anti-Friction Bearings; VanDuzen & Tift of Cincinnati, Ohio makers of Complete Steam Pumps;
Rollstone Machine Co. of Fitchburg, Mass. manufacturer of Wood - Working Machinery for Chair, Furniture & Cabinet Factories, Box Shops, Planing Mills, Pattern Makers' Use, ect.; S. Elliot of Newton, Mass.
manufacturer of Drill Presses, Tap Drill Guages & Special Machinery Tools; F.E. Reed of Worcestor, Mass. manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Hand Lathes, Foot Lathes, Upright Drills & Milling Machines; S.
Ashton Hand Mfg. Co. of Toughkenamon, Pa. manufacturer of Engine Lathes; Boynton & Plummer of Worcestor, Mass. manufacturer of Shaping Machines for Hand & Power; Bickford Drill Co. of Cincinnati,
O. manufacturer of Upright Drills; Springfield Glue & Emery Wheel Co. of Springfield, Mass. manufacturer of Emery & Curundum Wheels, Emery Wheel machinery and Flint Papers; Pancoast & Maule of
Phil., Pa. makers of Improved Steam Glue Heaters; Jos. Dixon Crucible Co. of Jersey City, N.J. manufacturer of Dixon's Silica Graphite Boiler-Front & Smoke Stack Paint; New Haven Manf'g Co. of new
Haven, Conn. manufacturer of Iron-Working Machinery; L.W. Pond Machine Co. of Worcestor, Mas. manufacturer of Iron Working Machinery; J. Wyke & Co. of E.Boston, Mass. manufacturer of Fine
Machinists' Tools; Cary & Moen of New York City manufacturer of Steel Wire & Springs; William Barker & Co. of Cincinnati, O. manufacturer of Iron & brass Working Machinery; Toledo Machine & Tool Co. of
Toledo, Ohio manufacturer of Presses, Dies & Special Machinery; D. Sounders' Sons of Yonkers, N.Y. manufacturer of Steam & Gas Fitters hand Tools; Acme Machinery Co. of Cleveland, O. manufacturer of
"ACME" Single & Double Automatic Boltcutters; Stow Manfg. Co. of Binghampton, N.Y. manufacturer of Flexible Shafts, Reaming Machines, Portable Drills & flexible Boring Machines; John Steptoe & Co.
of Cin., Ohio manufacturer of Engine Lathes, Iron Planers, Shapers & Drills; The Hoppes Mfg. Co. of Springfield, O. manufacturer of Live Steam Feed-Water Heater & Lime Extractors; Energy MFG. Co. of
Phil., Pa. manufacturer of Drill Guides & Steady Rests; Eagle Anvil Works of Trenton, N.J. manufacturer of the Fisher Double Screw Leg Vise & the Eagle Anvil; Charles Murray of New York Engraver of Wood;
S.W. Goodyear of Waterbury, CT. manufacturer of Machinery for Reducing & Pointing Wire; The Laidlaw & Dunn Co. of Cin., Ohio manufacturer of Pumping Machinery; Chas. A. Strelinger & Co. of Detroit,
Mich. manufacturer of Fine Tools; Powell Planer Co. of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Iron Planers; P. Blaisdell & Co. of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Machinists' Tools; Curtis & Curtis (Successors to
Forbes & Curtis) of Bridgeport, Ct. manufacturer of the Forbes Pat. Die Stock, Pipe Cutting & Threading Machinery; Brehmer Bros. of Phil., PA. manufacturer of Bevel Gears; The Mason Regulator Co. of
Boston manufacturer of Reducing Valves; Niagara Stamping of Buffalo, N.Y. makers of Presses, Dies and Special Machinery; Consolidated Machine & Tool Works of Hastings, mich. & Chicago, Ill.
manufacturer of Presses, Dies and Canning Machinery; Bradley & Co. of Syracuse, N.Y. manufacturer of Cushioned Hammers, Heating Forges, ect.; The Deane Steam Pump Co. of Holyoke, Mass.
manufacturer of Water Works Engines & Steam Pumping Machinery; The Hendey Machine Co. of Torrington, Conn. manufacturer of Lathes; Miller, Metcalf & Parkin, Crescent Steel Works of Pittsburgh, PA.
suppliers of Die Steel in Bars or Blocks; Tower & Lyon (Successors to Melvin Stephens) of New York manufacturer of Stephens Vises; Sebatian, May & Co. of Cin., O. manufacturer of Foot & Power Lathes,
Drill Presses, Shapers, Band, Circular & Scroll Saws, Tools & Supplies; John W. Hudson- Madison Manufacturing Co. of Madison, Wis.; Guild & Garrison of Brooklyn, N.Y. manufacturer of Steam, Vacuum
and Filter Press Pumps & Air Compressors; Montgomery & Co. of New York manufacturer of Tools, Supp;ies & Machinery; W.C. Young & Co. of Worcester, Mass. manufacturer of Engine, Hand & Foot Lathes;
Chas. F. baker of Minneapolis, Minn. manufacturer of Common Sense Oil Filters; Thos. H. Dallett & Co. of Phila., Pa. manufacturer of Patent Portable, Hand, Boiler-Shell & Multiple Drills; The Tanite
Company of Stroudsburg, PA. manufacturer of Tanite Emery Wheels & grinding Machines; Cooke & Co. of New York manf'r. of The Binghampton Water Motor; U. Baird Machinery Co. of Pittsburgh, Pa.
manuf'r of Machinists', Pattern Makers' & Boiler Makers' Tools and Supplies; John Wiley & Sons of N.Y. Publishers of Industrial and Scientific Works; Beecher & Peck of New Haven, Ct. manufacturer of Peck's
Pat. Drop Press & Drop Forgings of Iron & Steel; Muller Machine Tool Co. of Cincinnati, O. manuf'r of Engine Lathes, Planers, Shapers & Drill Presses; Betts Machine Company of Wilmington, Del. Builder of
Drills & Metal Working Machine Tools; Knowles Steam Pump Works of N.Y. & Boston manf'r of Improved Pumping Machinery; Niagar Machine & Tool Works of Buffalo New York builders of Presses, Shears &
other Special Mach.; Chas. Parker Co. of Meriden, Ct. manufacturer of Guns, Gun Parts, Vises, Tools, ect.; J.H. Williams & Co. of Brooklyn, N.Y. makers of Wrenches, Tools and other Quality Drop Forgings;
Gage Machine Works of Waterford, N.Y. Manuf'r of Fox Turret & speed Lathes and Brass Finishers' Tools; E.W. Bliss Co. of Brooklyn, New York World's Largest Manufacter of Presses, Dies, Shears,
Mills,Canning Equipment and other Special Tools; Nicholson File Co. of Providence, R.I. manuf'r of Files & Rasps; Nathan Manufacturing Co. of New York manuf'r of "Gresham" Patent Automatic
Re-Starting Injector; Cleveland Twist Drill Co. of Cleveland, O. manuf'r of Drills & Reamers; National Pulley Covering Co. of Baltimore, Md. manuf'r of Friction Pulley Covers; Fitchburg Machine Works of
Fitchburg, Mass. manuf'r of Metal Working Machines; Henry Carey Baird & Co. of Phil., Pa. Industial Publishers, Booksellers & Importers; Volney W. Mason & Co. of Providence, R.I. manuf'r of Friction
Pulleys, Clutches & Elevators; P.H. & F.M. Roots of Connersville, Ind. manuf'r of Force Blast Rotary Blowers for Foundries, Smith Shops, Pneumatic Tubes, Ventilation, ect.; Beaudry & Co.(formerly of
Beaudry's Upright Power Hammer) of Boston, mass. manuf'r of Presses, Shears, Punches & Hard Coal Heating Forges; C.F. Richardson of Athol, Mass. manuf'r of Nickel Plated Pocket Levels; Henderson Bros.
of Waterbury, CT. manuf'r of Exhaust Tumbling Barrels; C.W. LeCount of South Norwalk, Conn. manuf'r of Lathe Dogs & other Drop Forgings; Park Mfg. Co. of Boston manuf'r of Injectors, Ejectors & Jet
Apparatus; T. Shriver & Co.'s Iron Foundry of N.Y.; The Volker & Felthousen M'F'G. Co. of Buffalo, N.Y. manuf'r of Steam Pumps; Pulsometer Steam Pump Co. of N.Y. manuf'r of Steam Pumps; Hall Steam
Pump Co. of N.Y. builders of Steam Pumps; Jas. Hunter & son of North Adams, Mass. manuf'r of Clutch Pulleys & Cutt-Off Couplings; Union Stone Co. of Boston manuf'r of Emery Wheels, Grinding Mach.,
Polishing & Plating Goods and Tools; Edwards Meeks of Phil. - Publisher; Gage Tool Co. of Vineland, N.J. manuf'r of Planes & Hand Tools; Henry R. Worthington of N.Y. manuf'r of Independent Condensers;
Niles Tool Works of Hamilton, Ohio manuf'r of Machine Tools; Buckeye Engine Co. of Salem, Ohio manuf'r of engines; The Garvin Machine Co. of N.Y. manuf'r of Machines & Machine Tools; Manning,
Maxwell & Moore of N.Y. manuf'r of Railway and Machinists' Tools & Supplies; Lexington Gear Works of Lex., Mass. makers of Gears; M.C. Bullock of Chicago, Ill. manuf'r of Bullock-Corliss Engines, Diamond
Drills for Prospecting, Band Friction Hoists & Mining Mach.; The Lane & Bodley Co. of Cin., Ohio manuf'r of Corliss Engines; G.S. Woolman of New York manuf'r of Drawing Instuments; The D. Frisbie Co. of
N.Y. manuf'r of Frisbie Friction Pulleys & Clutches; The Ball & Wood Co. of Elizabeth, N.J. manuf'r of Ball Automatic Cut-Off Engines; Lackawanna Lubricating Co. of Scranton, PA. manuf'r of Grease Cups;
The De Lamater Iron Works of N.Y. manuf'r of General Machinery; Henry Warden Manufacturer of Phil., PA. manuf'r of Atkinson Cycle Gas Engines; The Hilles & Jones Co. of Wilmington, Del. manuf'r of
Machine Tools; Bement, Miles & Co. of Phil., Pa. manuf'r of Metal-Working Mach. Tools; William Sellers & Co. of Phil., Pa. manuf'r of Machine Tolls for Working Iron & Steel; The New Process Raw Hide Co.
of Syracuse, N.Y manuf'r of Raw Hide Gears; Southwark Foundry & Machine Co. of Phil., Penn. manuf'r of Boileers, Steam Hammers, Blowing & Reversing Engines, Centrifugal Pumps, Steam Pumps &
Heavy Castings; The Norton & Jones Machine Tool Works of Plainville, Conn. manuf'r of Machine Tools & Special machinery; The Champion Blower & Forge Co. of Lancaster, Pa.; J.D. wright & Sons of
Brooklyn, N.Y.; The Cincinnati Milling Machine Co. of Cincinnati, O.; N.P. Bowsher of South Bend, Ind.; J.E. snyder of Worcester, Mass.; Edison General Electric Company; American Gas Furnace Co. of
N.Y.; Landis Bros. of Waynesboro, Pa.; Trump Bros. Machine Co. of Wilmington, Delaware; R.D. Nuttall & Co. of Allegheny, PA.; Giant Key-Seater Co. of East Saginaw, Mich.; Light Drill Presses of Hartford,
Conn.; J.E. Lonergan & Co. of Phila., Pa.; Harrison Safety Boiler Works of Phil., Pa.; T.M. Foote Regulator Co. of Boston; Adriance Machine Works of Brooklyn, N.Y. manuf'r of Gang Slitters, Automatic Screw
Machines and Double Seamers; Samuel C. Rogers & Co. of Buffalo; Alfred Box & Co. of Phila., Pa.; Van Duzen Gas & Gasoline Engine Co. of Cincinnati, O.; Capitol Mfg. Co. of Chicago; M.T. Davidson of
Brooklyn, N.Y.; The States Machine Co. of Newark, N.J.; L. & R. Wister & Co. of Phila., PA.; John Royle & Sons of Paterson, N.J.; Penberthy Injector Co. of Detroit, Mich.; A.J. Wilkinson & Co. of Boston;
William Jessop & Sons, L'd. of Sheffield, England; Crescent Steel Co. of pittsburgh, Pa.; .
click home above for links to all pictures and descriptions of machine tools
The door on this
many clues to its age.
Big fat 1870-1880's
Paint that is of a
early old type, hand
Chisled not machined
of filed surfaces.
Garvin 1880s horizontal solid
overarm milling machine.
Brainyard 1880s horizontal with
solid overarm milling machine co.
Garvin 1880s horizontal solid
overarm milling machine.
Garvin 1880s horizontal solid
overarm milling machine.
used to hold
to move your
Date your Machine
using how and in
what way it is
.is it ornate
Is it gothic
To the left..
Vertical Boring Mill
photographer Bob Eddy
A vertical boring mill or
vertical lathe is much
like an ordinary lathe
turned 90 degrees, with
the headstock down.
This “up and down”
position provides a great
advantage in working on
large, heavy work
pieces. With a heavy
work piece sitting on the
faceplate, setup of the
machine is much
easier. Also, with the
weight supported this
way, the spindle is less
likely to be thrown out of