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    AMERICAN MACHINIST   Oct 5 1889 The New York Giants defeated the Brooklyn Bridegrooms (later known as the Dodgers). in the 1889 World Series, 6 games to 3.
                             Planer Grinding Machine
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OCTOBER 3, 1889 Surface Grinding Machine or Grinding Planer.
On this page we give an illustration of a machine built by the Springfield Glue &
Emery Wheel Co., Springfield, Mass., for grinding plane surfaces of castings which
are to be trued up or finished, and yet which it is not practicable to plane, for
grinding the surfaces of hardened punching or other dies, or for finishing surfaces
which have been planed As will be perceived, the machine is essentially the same
as a planer, having the same motion of the platen imparted to it through the medium
of gears and shifting belts arranged in the usual manner. The points of difference
consist in the provision for sup- plying a a copious How of water to the wheel, and
for collecting this water in troughs cast at the side of the bed under the platen, from
which it is led through pipes to a tank on the Boor. The water is allowed time to
settle in this tank, the sediment going to the bottom, while the clear water overflows
at the top and goes into the smaller tank, from which it is drawn out and again forced
up to the wheel by .a centrifugal pump also placed upon the Boor. Each end of the
platen is extended beyond what is usual in planing machines, in order to keep the
ways covered as much as possible. The work to be,...operated upon is fastened to
the platen in the usual way, as shown, or any necessary special fixtures may be
used. To keep the belts at a proper tension at different heights of the wheel from the
platen, the overhead arrangement shown in the engraving above the machine is
used, the belt passing over the pulleys in such a way that a turn of the hand-wheel,
which is placed within easy reach, gives the belt the desired tension. A folding
hood, which is adjustable to suit different sizes of wheels, covers the wheel in such
a manner as to prevent water Hying about and the water, while it keeps the wheel
and work cool, and gives a better finish than would be obtained by dry grinding, also
prevents dust Hying about and lodging upon parts of this or other near- by
machinery. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

covers the wheel in such a manner as to prevent water flying about ; and the water,
while it keeps the wheel and work cool, and gives a better finish than would be ob
tained by dry grinding, also prevents dust flying about and lodging upon parts of this
or other near- by machinery. The grinding wheel grinds in both directions, and,
when de- sired, a machine is made in which the wheel is made to move rapidly from
side to side on the cross-rail as the work passes under it. This movement is
governed by a crank and disk, and is especially recommended for narrow work
where but a small amount of stock is to be removed, and there are a number of
pieces to grind at the same time. The machines are made , in six different lengths,
to ` grind work from 4 feet to 18 feet long. The platens are 24 inches wide, and work
27 inches wid~ will pass between the housings. The extreme height of the work
from the platen .may be 14 inches to 18 inch- es, according to the size wheel used.
The weight of the machine is from 6,000 to 16,000 pounds, according to length. 1
thought that the crane had been in use so 'When desired, an additional head is titted
to long as to be entitled to a rest, and, as none the cross-rail for planing work, this
head was voluntarily granted, it took one. At any being made in the usual form, and
with rate, the incident is not calculated to be very automatic feeds in any direction.
reassuring to those whose business requires

them to be aro,und such cranes. The day An AMERICAN MACHINIST man happened
before this occurrence an accident happened to be in the Boston & Albany shops at
a few yards away from the shops, which, so Springfield, Mass., the other day, when
an far as we know, is the first of its kind. Some occurrence took place which is, to
say the heavy stone work is being erected for an ap- least, somewhat unusual. In
the erecting proach to the new station . buildings. Tem- shops was a jib crane,
constructed principal- porary derricks have been put up to handle ly of wood and
worked by hand, which had the stones, and on this occasion a stone been in
constant use for all the purposes to ~ weighing two tons, which had been hoisted,
which such a crane is usually put in a rail- became unmanageable just as a
passenger road shop. At the time it did not happen to train was going by, and
crashed through the be in use, and no load was upon it, nor was side of a car,
seriously injuring several ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

The wheel grinds in both any one near it, when, without warning, and apparently
without provocation, it suddenly fell 'to the Boor, tilling the shop with the dust which
had collected upon it overhead and that which it stirred up from the Boor.
Fortunately, no one was in a position to be struck by it, and when it was examined
with a view to a possible solution of the mystery, it was found that the upper pintle
had bro- ken short off. It was of cast-iron, about two and a half or three inches in
diameter, and the break was what would be called a clean one, all the way across.
Why it had not fallen when last used is a mystery which it would be difficult to solve.
Some of the machinists who gathered about after the fall, people. Both these
incidents emphasize the fact that all such machinery used for handling heavy
weights should be as secure as possible. There can be no doubt that there is far too
much carelessness usually connected with its erection, and it is far too common to
take it for" granted that, when once built and proven to be sufficiently strong for its
work, it will always remain safe without any further attention. Foreign Enginering
Enterprise in Russia. The anti-foreigner policy, at present prevailing in Russia, has
almost completely put ` .
2nd scan AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889-page 6

Buying-A M E R I C A N M A C H I N I S T-Section Vol. 56, No. 1
Cut Production Costs-With Modern Equipment.

to do those things necessary to bring conditions back to normal. We've faced business stag- nation long enough
now to know what it means; so /et's go- let's get started on the right track again. This business de- pression will last
just as long as the people of this co\untry sit back and wait for something to happen-we've got to make things
We can accomplish nothing by waiting for the other fellow to start something-the chances are he is sitting back
waiting for us. We've simply got to realize that it is up to everyone to do his share, and there never was a better
time than right now to start the "ball a'rolling."
Then there is another and probably a much more threaten- ing angle to the situation. The period of prosperity just
passed has witnessed a tremendous over-expansion in practically every industry, not only in this country, but
throughout the entire civilized world. `As a consequence, today, and likely for many years to come, the facilities for
production will be greater than the powers of absorption-which means the keenest kind of competition and the
weeding out of the less stable and less progressive concerns in each industry. Business houses today are fighting
for their very existence, and those who survive will be the ones that start now to reduce their costs and better
their methods, in order to meet the keenest competition on a fair basis. ~
How should we begin? Where should we start?

If every manufacturer in the metal working industry would start by putting his own house in order, by replacing his
old worn'-out tools with new and better machines, by weeding out bis obsolete equipment, and installing more
modern, more prohtable equipment in its place, the first thing you know, we would have better business, things
would begin to move again, and industry once more would "hit the trail" of progress. We, The American Tool Works
Company, have already started. Since Jan. 1921, we have weeded out of our own plant, eighty-three machines of
different kinds, and are now replacing them with the latest and most modern tools. By this we have provided
business for the foundries, orders for the steel mills, and work for a number of men-in other words, we have "gone
into action" in our own plant.
If you will do the same in yours, the other fellow the same in his, and so on, ad infinitum, this country would soon
forget that there was a business depression, a readjustment period or a deflation spasm. It is up to every one of us
to put our shoulder to the wheel, so let's go-a slang expression -yes-but chuck full of meaning and good advice.

The American Tool Works Co.
Cincinatti, Ohio, U. S. A.

This is the 6rst of a series of cost reducing advertisements. The president of every metal Fabricatz.ng plant in t
country should hz.mselF read each and every one oF th advertisements, and then refer them to hz.s manager c
3rd scan AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889 page 1
Buying-A M E R I C A N M A C H I N I S T-Section Vol. 56, No. 1
Cut Production Costs-With Modern Equipment.

Facing and Turning Main Line Bearings
of the Franklin Automobile Crankshaft
Frorn a Report by Walter M. Sanford, Forernan oF Crankshaft Dept., H. H. Franklin Mtg. Co., Syracuse, N. Y.

To save time, money, and cut out the operation of expensive grinders was the reason that five Wickes Universal
Crankshaft Lathes were recently installed in the Crankshaft Department of the H. H. Franklin Manufacturing Company, at
Syracuse, New York.
These machines are used for the facing and turning operations on main line bearings of the Franklin Automobile
Crankshaft. The photograph shows the turning of six-throw crankshafts, made of carbon steel, from which ~ in. of stock
is removed. The average length of cut is about 2 in.

In comparison to the former methods employed on this par- ticular job, the Wickes Crankshaft Equipment saves about
1~ hours work on each shaft in producing the complete prod- uct. At present this houxly production is ten crankshafts,
with one operator on the machine.
"The Wickes Crankshaft Equipment has lived up to our ex- pectations in every detail. It gives us a good saving in time,
floorspace, and power. We consider it an excellent investment in production machinery."
This last paragraph is the opinion which Mr. Sanford holds of Wickes Crankshaft Equipment.

220 Water Street, Saginaw, Mich.
801 Fifth Ave., New York 736 White- Henry Bldg., Seattle, Wash.
4. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1

4th  AMERICAN-MACHINIST-Ot 3 1889 page 12 Cut Production Costs-With Modern Equipment
198 Should Be Included
In Your 1922 Resolutions
A good resolution, for instance, to make is to do more of your short planing jobs this year on a Hendey Crank Shaper.
This will save time and keep production costs down to the lowest notch.
You know where Hendey stands in the machine tool line and you can consequently have absolute confideuce in the
accuracy and reliability of a Hendey Shaper. Get our "Shaper Bulletin."
Torrington, COnn.f U. S. A.
New York Office: 736 Singer Bldg. Chicago Office: 618 Washington Bldg.
Rochester Office: 521 Commerce Bldg. Boston Office: Oliver Bldg.
The Sherritt & Stoer Co., Philadelph~a; Laughlin-Barney Machinery Co., Pittsburgh; The W. M. Patti~on Supp~y Co.,
Cleveland and Detroit ; Walraven Company. Atlanta : Woodward-Wight & Co., Ne~ w Orleans; L. G. Henes, 75
Fremont St., San Francisco and 218 East 3rd St., Los Angeles, Cal.; Chas. Churchill & Co., Ltd., London; De- moors &
Co., Brussels; A. R. Williams Machinery Co., Toronto, Ont.; Williams & Wilson, Montreal. Que.; W. R. Grace & Co. of N.
Y. for China; Asano, Bassan & Co.. Tokio, JaPan.

Hendey 20-fn Crank Shaper
8. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
2. American-Machinist-January-5-1922-pg14-15 American Tool Works Co
                          Lathes Planers Shapers Radials.
4th  AMERICAN-MACHINIST-Ot 3 1889 page 12
6. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
7. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1922-page 2 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
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8. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889-page 16 January-5-Vol-56-No 1
4. AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889-page 13 Oct 3 1889
3rd scan AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889-page 11
2nd scan AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889-page 6
1st scan AMERICAN-MACHINIST-1889-page 3